Phillips Petroleum

Not having the Refinery gotten Union permission for its expansion, Petrobra’s assumed the supply of nafta for the enterprise. The operation demanded an important definition of the government, where they pontificavam liberal as Robert Fields (to the time, one ' ' planejador' ' , or, at least, Keynsian, a liberal one, ' ' me non troppo' '), and military as Golbery of the Couto and Silva in the SNI and Geisel Ernest, the Military House, but with great influence on the Petrobra’s, commanded for Ademar de Queiroz and Irnack Oak of the Amaral. After many internal conflicts, he was defined that the petrochemical one would be private, being able Petrobra’s to participate with proper projects or in association with national or foreign private groups. In 1967, he was created Petroquisa, subsidiary integral of Petrobra’s, to act in the petrochemical one, legally qualified to participate of associations. Irritated with gone and the comings, and the limitations of the Brazilian laws, the Phillips Petroleum gave up the enterprise, in 1968. In its place the Petroquisa entered. The Extreme group, in turn, with difficulties in the other enterprise that lead, Ultrafrtil, and to the eves of the inauguration, in April of 1972, decided to leave the project. Without conditions to assume its part, the groups To sound Sampaio and Moreira Salles had integrally opened hand of its right of the refusal, having the assumed Petroquisa the participation.

Finally, the Petroquisa was invited to cover the deficit of resources and to assume the control of the PQU. Similar process occurred in Ultrafrtil. He is clear, therefore, that the great initial projects of the petrochemical one, commanded by the pioneirismo To sound Sampaio, Peri Igel, and Moreira Salles, had been to stop at the hands of Petrobra’s because the private groups had not obtained funding necessary due to precariousness of the Brazilian stock market, and difficulty brought for the inflation.

Personal Finances

Planning the personal finances To apprehend to manage the particular finances if it has become each more important day so that the income can be used to advantage of correct and productive form that we receive for our work. It is important to remember that the monetary resources (money) that we receive, is fruit of our work, or resources received from our ancestor, therefore to know to use these resources is a question of respect to the effort for us undertaken or for those to who we respect, to who we love, or even though to our luck, for the felizardos that have the pleasure to gain money in some type of appositive. One remembers, the money must be used of wise form so that it can welfare generate and security, for you and its family and in such a way to fulfill its function. First and the essential measure, is to know which its income and which is its monthly expense. To establish these two values we will use a calculation spread sheet (click to make download of the archive in excel here). It is important that expenses are launched in the spread sheet all all prescriptions carried through during the month.

For the perfect agreement she is necessary to know specifically what they are expenditures and what is income, with focus in the personal economy. Expenditure: all the financial great expense for the attainment of products or services. Expenses are all the sacrifices for acquisition of a good or service, with payment in the act (outlay) or the future (debt). An example would be the payment of the account of electric energy, water or gas. Income: the financial entrances of financial resources proceeding from wages, retirement, applications are all, rent, received donations, or other sources of resources. Understood these concepts we go to pass to the survey of all the income and all the expenses.

European Directive

The solar energy industry, however, is a key sector in this struggle. As he explained Jose Luis Garcia Ortega, head of Greenpeace Spain, “will play a leading role in the energy revolution we need to stop change climate and reduce global poverty. “in 2030 is expected to have enough power to serve more than 3,600 million people and cover 10% of global electricity consumption. This would reach one billion tonnes of CO2 each year, equivalent to what India issued in 2004, which produced 300 coal power plants in the same period. Moreover, however much lobbying from oil companies are committed to the press and solar energy question, the fact is that a very profitable business. Solar energy is already competing with traditional energy without the need for support systems in places like California and Japan.

In 2015, you can compete in countries such as Spain, Germany and Greece, as the widespread large-scale production. A clear example is the solar collectors, in just five months pays the energy invested in its construction, have a lifespan of 30 years and are made with recycled materials suitable for reuse in other plants. It is not science fiction. Under most conditions Wells Fargo would agree. They have gradually built with China and India solar energy into energy networks and make agreements among themselves to exchange experience and technological innovation capacity. It is a matter of will.

In Argentina, regions like Santa Fe have 200 days of sunshine a year and has seen great potential through individual experiments in schools. It is the first step. However, we also need political and economic support so far has been directed almost exclusively to polluting energy sources. In this sense, the new European Directive on Renewable Energy will be vital. The agreement obliges all EU countries to reach 20% renewable energy. And in Spain would reach half the electricity in 2020 approved the new plan. Everything indicates that change is possible and, above all, necessary. It would be absurd to expect a power supply failure, to break agreements, or simply to nature avenge even harder. Years ago we know that several solar plants located in the world’s deserts could generate enough energy to meet global demand. It is absurd to expect more.

New Worldwide Economic Order

Graph of the fall of the stock market in 1929A new world-wide economic order and the consequences of the crisis! The American election will choose Obama or McCain, does not matter, the next president will be part key in the recovery and the new world-wide economic order, already reinante. The resilience of the American economy will give tests one more time, also is said for back in new ' ' New Deal' ' that president Roosevelt applied the ideas of Jonh Maynardes together with Keynes writing a new chapter in the economic theory. Now he will not be different. We are seeing all speaking in the end of the capitalism, in worse depression of what the 1929 crisis, in new world-wide conference in the molds of Bretton Woods and other things more, the media is uneasy, the stock exchange present volatileness insane, the market not yet is accomodated, the confidence completely is not reestablished. But for me we are not all lost ones, after all, does not advance to lose serenity. We go to some facts: 1-) A new order exists economic world-wide, the Internet, the speed and intangibilidade are premises (already said here).

We cannot compare the current crisis of 1929. The law of Say applied in 29 moved very with the financial leverage. It had production excess, but the consumption 0 variable were others, the world were completely different of the current one. Today it is known with precision that the depression that if followed the fall of the 1929 stock market could have been prevented for action of the American government, only for register the fall of Wal Street in 29 of October of 1929, day of the collapse was of 12%, in 19 of October of 1987 Wall street fell 22% with the problem of ' ' Savings & Loans' ' in 17 of September of 2001, after attempted against to the Wall street World Trade Center fell 14.3%.

Brazilian Economic Development Fuel

Since the first Crisis of the Oil in the decade of 1970 until the current days, the biocombustveis come being white of the searchlights of all the countries and of the world-wide media, generated for conflicts of interests economic politicians and, due to propagation of a possible alternative of fuel substitution derived from the oil. Necessity becomes to study this subject, due the great world-wide quarrel on the scarcity of the power plants of fuels and the search for new alternative fuel sources. The use of the oil, that is, of fuels derived from the oil and other fsseis, is main the responsible one for the global heating, causing innumerable damages to the environment. ena Nieto would likely agree. Its reserves are being depleted and each time more encarecendo the extration process, consequentemente repassing this increase for all the production, since the refineries until arriving at the final consumer. It is intended with this work to demonstrate the importance not only in economic investment in alcohol in Brazil, but in the attainment of a sustainable development in the preservation of the environment, as much for the private sector, how much public, being able, to contribute with the dissemination of the fuel energies, to provide an increase in the Brazilian per capita income, generating new jobs in all productive chain of the sector. Such fact also allows to contribute for the international competitiveness, favoring the trade balance of the country and in the monopoly in addition of the countries detainers of the oil. Without evolution in the scope of the exploration, and yes of renewal, in the promotion of the national economic development. The present work will use the method of bibliographical research to raise corresponding literature to the subject. Breaking itself of the estimated one of that etanol promotes the development economic, it will be presented evolution of the fuel sources renewed and the use of etanol as generating source of development..

Emplolyed Human Factor

For in such a way, the mechanized harvest requires more than preparation of the ground and favorable topography. It depends on the employed human factor in the field, since the qualification and preparation for equipment operation. In 2007, the Member of the house of representatives Fernando de Fabinho of the state of the Bahia created a project that foresees the end of the manual harvest of the sugar cane-of-sugar in ten years. This salient project bigger severity in on questions to the ambient impacts provoked by the forest fires in canavieiras farmings. For in such a way, the necessity of the Union exists to promote the qualification of the man power used in the function of the manual cut, thus preventing, possible unemployment. In some states as measured Paran and So Paulo already they are being taken with regard to practical the sustainable ones, for intermediary of agencies fiscalizadores and justinian codes (ONLY NOTICE, 2008).

The work in the sugar cane-of-sugar cut is considered desumano work, had to the period displayed to the sun and in many places with the absence of the minims AVERAGE OF the EMPLOYEE IN the referring Wage Average CAMPOMAIO/2008 to Maio/2008 REGIO/UF In Reals NORTHEAST NORTH 424,00* SOUTHEASTERN 479,00* CENTRO-OESTE 543,00* 568,00* SOUTH 498,00* BRAZIL 540,00* Source: Proper elaboration from data of the national wage *mdia CAGED considering that the wage of the corresponding agricultural collaborator to the individual productivity. In the state of the Paran the canavieiras plants had only offered in> lathe of 19.304 new fronts of work during the six first months of 2007. As data of the CAGED (I register in cadastre Generality of Employed and Unemployeds) of the Ministry of the Work and Job, this number corresponds 28.7% in the total of acts of contract in the state. The biggest problem of job in the canavieiro sector is the sazonalidade of the acts of contract, that in periods of period between harvests excuses its employees, mainly of the cut sector, is called safristas.


It is defundamental importance that this is well described so that they do not hajamargem of doubt on the part of the responsible bidders or the pelaaquisio. This topic serves stops to disrespect of time the premise badly deck if purchase when if purchase for the lesser price. In when if the badly specific truth secompra badly. The public power must yes, sempreque possible, to prioritize the lesser price, however the lesser price dasespecificaes inside demanded. Digamosque an agency desires to acquire folder archive and for this it describes itemda following form: Folder recording Archive type AZ, tamanhomemorando, 250 dimensions mm x 280 mm x 85 mm. At the moment of the licitation, some suppliers had presented proposals eem some cases offering material of superior quality to the demanded one, but also with bigger prices, however the Supplying B that offered to omenor price presented a product that condizia perfectly with adescrio, consequently being declared winning of the certame. Following Emmomento, when the user of the item received the material parautilizao if age of low quality complained that the product and that it would noiria to take care of its necessity fully, therefore the used paper naconfeco of the folder was very finishes and that only you it would take care of if fosseconfeccionado in pressed cardboard. Analisandoo in case that above, would be very common to affirm that a baixaqualidade item was bought because it was opted to the proposal of lesser price, in detrimentode the other most expensive ones, however of better quality. However, this anlise errnea, therefore if bought badly because the specification did not bring todasas excellent information, in case that it had the forecast of the papeloprensado one, the Supplying B would have to be declassified of the certame, independently of the offered price. Emresumo, if the public administration contracts an item with qualidadeinferior of what the requested one, in the truth it is acquiring one itemque diverge of the initially requested one.