The memory is essential for a intelligent life. There is no better reason than this assertion to make it the choice of labour to perform the psychopathology of memory. Discussion as part of the mnesic process oblivion is included, as a counterpart. The function of this is to prevent useless data or overload of little use in the memory store. Following the laws of Ribot, the last thing they have learned is forgotten first. A little repeated memory loses power of evocation. As an example of course, we have the case of languages: if not practiced, learned terms are deleted. A new stimulus that is associated by similarity, proximity or temporality to you engrams everyday, it is less likely to be forgotten.
And likewise, sense relations persist more than the facts little understood or confusing. It is easier to memorize if it is first captured the main idea and then details. The active repetition, the interest and concentration would facilitate the memorization. However, when memory loss is not attributable to a process normal forgetfulness, stated that Amnesia exists generic denomination. We can define the Amnesia as the total or partial inability to register, withhold or recall information. According to the areas covering, we can speak of several types of Amnesia: Total Amnesia, the individual loses the memory completely, he forgets his life. Bergson said that: without memory I have no experience, or education, or remember what I want to show. Consequently, without memory there is no character or personality person.
Amnesia partial, the individual forgets a short period of time, from a point backward or forward. This type of amnesia is often given after attacks such as epilepsy and hysteria. Amnesia lagoon, the affected forgets what happened before an indeed traumatic, taking only episodes or periods and according to the type of memory that is involved, we will have the distinction between: anterograde or retrograde.