It presents a localization with certain privilege in relation the equidistances to the main urban centers of the coast. Distant of the capital of the State the 62,2 km (approx 49 min.). Perfazendo with a demographic total area of 114.5 hab/Km that composes geographic area of the city of 348.74 km if finds inside of the urban perimeter of the city. With a population approximately of 42.303 hab and limiting with Canguaretama- RN and Old Peter RN. Peter Rgis, and with the cities of River Tinto (7 km), Mataraca (30 km), Capim (9 km), Itapororoca (13 km), from above Corral (23 km) and Jacara (32 km) and Peter Rgis. Ben Silbermann often addresses the matter in his writings. Thus being, Mamanguape is a located city of the coast more the 35 altitude m, presents a tropical and pleasant climate of annual average temperature of oscillating around 25C.
Its vegetation is Pioneering, De Campos and Mata de Restingas, Manguezais and Humid Mata. Identified in bioma of the Caatinga and of It kills Atlantic. For its fisiogrfico aspect, the city of Mamanguape is inserted in the Geoambiental unit of the Coastal Trays that all folloies the coast of the northeast, presenting an average altitude of 50 the 100 meters. Understanding origin plateaus sedimentary, that present degree of changeable wood carving. Its ground are represented by the Latossolos and Podzlicos in the chapadas and topos topos of residual and by the Podzlicos with Fregipan, Podzlicos Plnticos and Podzis in the small depressions in trays, for the Podzlicos Concrecionrios in dissecadas areas and Aluvial hillsides and Gleissolos and Solos in the fertile valley areas. THE NATURAL RECOVERY OF RIVER MAMANGUAPE-PB I understand that the environment is the set of physical factors, chemical and biticos, daily, I mention myself to the nature as a great natural resources, on which our survival depends and the place that involves in them and in the fence in half dynamic and an extremely healthful one.
The implementation of the related benefits, in turn, demands of the Geoprocessamento biggest relation with the modeling. Moura (2003) detaches that models are attempts of representation simplified of the reality, beyond important steps in the search of answers on correlations and behaviors of ambient 0 variable; if developed from great generalization they result in poor simplificaes of the space reality, but if constructed in accordance with logical adjusted to the complexity, they make possible significant profit of knowledge. According to Abreu and Abreu (2003), the construction of models is an attempt to reproduce the attributes most important of a situation without control conditions, being basic for the learning process. The construction and test of theories in precision models are carried through by means of algorithmic and mathematical languages, not only in Geography, but also in other social sciences that have necessities of quantification and uses the statistical Mathematics and techniques in its processes of construction of the knowledge. In relation its structure, in accordance with Days and Baptist (2008), the space, natural or constructed elements, are represented in a System of Geographic Information, from determined scale, by means of three basic geometric entities: the point, the line and the polygon. In a small scale, as 1:1.000,000, a tank of storage of oil in a refinery is represented only by a point, a time that, in this level of geographic representation, very great elements only appear as lines or polygons, has seen highways or the urban limits of a city. Extended the scale for 1:10.000, the detailing level also will increase, making with that elements before represented by simple points, lines straight lines or polygons little defined, present a form next to the Real. Finally, the form can be detached that as the data are organized in a System of Geographic Information it is similar to the exercises of Basic Ensino, in which maps are produced with semitransparent papers, that present, for time, one alone different subject as hydrography, highways or vegetation, what in a SIG it is called layer.