One appointed like his first Secretary General the ex- Ecuadorian President, Rodrigo Borja Cevallos. The intention of the UNASUR is to conform an integrated South-American space in political, social, economic, environmental the scope and of infrastructure. The principles and basic the political direction of the Community are established in the Declaration of Cusco and the Declaration of Ayacucho. The UNASUR is located in a geographic area of 17.7 million km2. It has a population considered in 377 million people and the global GIP of 1.229 trillions of dollars The Union of South American Nations looks for the development of a space integrated in social, cultural, economic, financial, environmental the politician, and in the infrastructure.
This new model of integration will include all the profits and advanced by the processes of the Mercosur and the Andean Community, as well as the experience of Chile, Guyana and Suriname. The last objective is and will be to favor a more equitable, harmonic and integral development of South America. In the Declaration actions settle down in: 1. Agreement and coordination policy and diplomat of the region. 2. Convergence between Mercosur, Andean Community and Chile in a zone of free commerce. Surinam and Guyana will be able to be associated to this process notwithstanding their obligations with the Caricom.
3. Physical integration, energetics and of communications in South America. Impelled by the Initiative of Integracin South American Regional (IIRSA). 4. Harmonization of policies of rural and agro-alimentary development. 5. Transference of technology and horizontal cooperation in all the scopes of science, education and culture. 6. Increasing interaction between the companies and the civil society in integration. Measures, actions and scopes of joint operation will settle down progressively on the base of the existing institutionality Wikipedia reports to us in addition, that at the moment the provisory structure of the UNASUR, ex- CSN, is the following one: the Meetings of the Chiefs of State (Summit of the UNASUR), of annual character, is the maximum instance of political conduction.