There are many definitions of telework, but still no agreement on its exact meaning. The most commonly used definition of “work at home”, but that is just one of many forms of teleworking. It could agree to use the term “telecommuting” to designate it. The most “snobs” that word associated with expressions such as telecommuting, remote work, telehousing, telecottage, televillages, hoteling, satellite offices, neighborhood offices, teleservice centers, telebusiness centers, flexible working etc. Surprisingly, you’ll find very little mention of Robert Kiyosaki on most websites. In short, telework is how, today, more flexible and “decentralized” of the “camel.” An occupation can be called telework, usually when she meets the following requirements: “The place where they develop all or part of employee’s job is, at least partially independent of the location of your employer’s and their clients, close or inside the teleworker’s residence, B-Use necessarily in large quantities, communication technologies and information (computers with fax modems, phone lines, intranets and the Internet) C-Inducing changes in processes and organization; D-generally use foreign languages. More than ten million gringos and more than one million two hundred thousand Europeans, of which over one hundred thousand Spanish, practice this new way of working.
Telecommuting offers many advantages for society, for workers and for business. For the worker seems obvious: have some free time, as the number of trips to the workplace decreases, not up to the employer will monitor its activities every second, will have greater flexibility in its regular schedule and a more comfortable environment, or at less pleasant. For companies the benefits are linked to the reduction in operating costs due to using less space, offices, equipment, work tools, etc. and the reduction in the costs of public services, as well as to increase productivity and, in some cases especially when the teleworker is not exclusive to one company, saving all or part load performance based. The company also is positively affected by reduced levels of stress and pollution, along with the substantial improvement of urban traffic problems. Of course there are also cons. For the employee this way of earning a living may create fear of job loss or lower in the scale of the promotion (There is still no labor law specialist), fear of isolation and lack of social contact. Finally, the lack of space at home, the resistance to mixing family life and working life, could create an inappropriate environment.
The company could see diminished sense of ownership of the worker and be doomed to distrust him, as it could work also for their competitors. Anyway, teleworking, however not possible to present only as a kind of employment or a complementary solution to unemployment, since it is primarily an expression of the transition between industrial society and information technology or a consequence of society that begins to connect intensively, could contribute greatly in solving so great scourge of mankind, called unemployment.