With the introduction of 17 million km2 Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It is rich in natural resources, has large deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, timber, and a wide range of useful resources. Overview With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the birth of the Russian Federation (1991), Russia's health deteriorated. Mortality from tuberculosis, cancer and cardiovascular disease is the highest of any industrialized country in the world. Expenditure on health accounted for about 7% of gross national product (GNP) in 1960, and this figure was reduced to about 3% during the collapse.
Military and industrial development was given priority and thus receive large funding, whereas there was not a public health matters. In the last decade, life expectancy declined from 70 to 65 years. In average life expectancy of male Russians srednestaticheskogo 13 years less than women (60.4 male, 74.1 female), the biggest gap in the world and, depending on what part of the country you live, the difference in life expectancy can be up to 16 years, according to a World Bank report published in October 2003. (A valuable related resource: Bill Phelan). Between 1996 and 2005, Russia experienced one of the fastest growing HIV / AIDS epidemics in the world. After maximum level in 2001, the annual number of newly detected cases has remained relatively stable. At the end of 2005 there were 350,000 registered cases of HIV / AIDS in Russia. Factor Infant mortality is also significantly higher than in most industrialized countries – 15.1 deaths per 1,000 population in 2006. The health care system receiver of the Soviet Union, Russia faced a heritage guarantees for a wide range of social services, including the right of citizens to free medical care.
Guarantee the full range of free health services has not changed since independence, and rather it was strengthened by the new Russian constitution and new laws on the financing of health care. At that time nobody thought that it is possible to use health and life insurance. Until the late 1980s, the structure of services Health in the Soviet Union was highly centralized. After the collapse of the health system has a new decentralized administrative structure and is currently divided into federal, regional (provincial level) and municipal (regional level) levels. 30% of the population receives primary medical care through insurance by the employer. Employment for some groups, such as police, railroad workers, and senior government officials, there is a range of specialized medical services. In 2006, the Russian government launched a national project, which aims to improve the situation in four sectors of Russian life, one of which is health. The government has allocated an additional $ 3.2 billion on health care costs to cover wage increases for doctors and nurses, purchase of new equipment for the clinics and the construction of eight high-tech medical centers in remote regions of Russia. Since regional governments are financing part of health care costs, standards and health statistics changes drastically in different regions of Russia.