Hyperthyroidism is an endocrine disorder that affects humans and animals. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is active and produces too much thyroid hormone, speeding up the metabolism. The thyroid is a gland that consists of two small lobes shaped like butterflies on each side of the trachea in the neck. It produces thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The primary function of these hormones is to regulate and maintain your pet's metabolic rate which in turn affects your overall health and wellness. Another hormone called thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is produced by the pituitary gland, controls the production of thyroid hormones. Symptoms and signs of canine and feline hyperthyroidism include: * Weight loss even with a growing appetite * Diarrhea * Vomiting * Heat intolerance * dry or oily skin * Difficulty breathing * Water consumption increased urination accompanied by increased activity * * Trembling or decreased changes behavior such as nervousness, restlessness, hypersensitivity or stress can also occur. What causes hyperthyroidism? When the thyroid gland is activated, various parts of the body can not function properly, and your pet may experience drastic weight loss, increased appetite, an elevated heart rate, increased activity or poor skin.
Hyperthyroidism typically affects middle-aged to older cats (between 4 and 22 years of age). Hyperthyroidism in dogs is rare. It is caused by an increase in the number of benign thyroid cells. Immunological factors, environmental and food can also contribute to this disorder. Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in cats and dogs is based on the symptoms – your veterinarian may feel the enlarged thyroid gland. Certain diagnostic tests such as T4, complete blood count (CBC), serum chemistry and urinalysis can be done to check thyroid levels and to eliminate other conditions. In addition, tests such as T3 suppression test, measurement of free T4 and TSH, can also be performed to confirm the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism. Help for hyperthyroidism following standard treatments for hyperthyroidism are usually recommended medication and these include radioactive iodine (I-131) and antithyroid as methimazole (Tapazole).
In more severe cases, surgery (thyroidectomy) may be required. These treatments have some side effects such as liver damage, anemia, hair loss and lethargy, and cats with this problem must be kept away from pregnant women and children. The natural remedies so as to provide symptomatic relief. The can be used safely with conventional medications without any harsh side effects. A related site: patrick mentions similar findings. Herbs such as Chamomilla, Lycopus, and Zingiber promote systemic balance in the endocrine system responsible for maintaining body temperature, metabolism, fertility, and growth. The homeopathic ingredients as Cratageous and Nux vom.